Hong Kong’s Controversial Nationwide Safety Legislation: What Is It, Why Does China Need It?

Hong Kong's Controversial National Security Law: What Is It, Why Does China Want It?

Hong Kong’s pro-democracy protests paralysed town final 12 months (File)

Hong Kong:

China’s parliament has proposed introducing a brand new safety legislation in Hong Kong, a transfer anticipated to fan contemporary protests within the semi-autonomous monetary hub.

The proposal, which has been condemned by the US and Hong Kong pro-democracy figures as an assault on town’s freedoms, was submitted for deliberation on Friday.

“Why has China moved to impose the legislation?”

Article 23 of Hong Kong’s mini-constitution, often known as the Primary Legislation, says town should enact nationwide safety laws to ban “treason, secession, sedition (and) subversion” towards the Chinese language authorities.

Hong Kong has been attempting to introduce a legislation for years however pro-democracy demonstrations that paralysed town final 12 months have pushed the problem up the agenda and galvanised Beijing.

Final month, Beijing’s high official in Hong Kong, Liaison Workplace director Luo Huining, mentioned town urgently wanted a brand new nationwide safety legislation to fight violent protesters and independence advocates.

On Friday Wang Chen, vice chairman of the Nationwide Folks’s Congress’s (NPC) Standing Committee, its precise law-making organ, warned “highly effective measures” had been wanted to curb town’s pro-democracy motion.

“How do individuals in Hong Kong really feel about it?”

Article 23 has by no means been carried out as a result of public fears it could curtail Hong Kong’s cherished rights, resembling freedom of expression and the press.

These liberties are unseen on the mainland and are protected by an settlement made earlier than Britain handed Hong Kong again to China in 1997.

An try and enact the clause in 2003 was shelved after half one million individuals took to the streets in protest towards it. Then safety chief Regina Ip needed to resign following the failure.

China’s transfer would authorise its lawmakers to bypass Hong Kong’s legislature and immediately enact the laws at a future date.

“What is going to occur subsequent?”

China’s legislature is anticipated to rubber-stamp the draft decision on Thursday, the final day of the annual parliamentary gathering, earlier than the main points are fleshed out subsequent month at one other assembly of the NPC’s Standing Committee.

Wang mentioned the legislation would then be carried out domestically, an unprecedented transfer that might spark an extra wave of protests.

In an announcement Friday, Hong Kong’s chief Carrie Lam vowed to “absolutely cooperate” with Beijing over the legislation.

The Hong Kong authorities will “full the laws as quickly as attainable to discharge its duty of safeguarding nationwide safety,” mentioned Lam, who’s attending the NPC.

Jimmy Sham, chief of the Civil Human Rights Entrance, which organised the million-person rally that kicked off final 12 months’s unrest, appealed Friday for tens of millions to come back out on the streets as soon as once more.

“What does this imply for ‘One nation, Two methods’?”

Professional-democracy lawmakers have mentioned the laws marks the top of ‘One nation, Two methods’ – a reference to the handover settlement that has given Hong Kong a restricted type of autonomy since getting back from British to Chinese language rule in 1997.

Even earlier than the proposed safety legislation, there have been fears that Beijing was steadily eroding these freedoms.

“That is the top of Hong Kong, that is the top of One Nation, Two Programs, make no mistake about it,” mentioned Civic Occasion lawmaker Dennis Kwok.

“They (Beijing) at the moment are fully strolling again on their obligation owed to the Hong Kong individuals.”

Amnesty Worldwide warned the laws posed “a quasi-existential risk to the rule of legislation in Hong Kong”.

(Apart from the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV workers and is revealed from a syndicated feed.)

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